Home Preservation

Architectural Styles of Lakewood
Lakewood Heritage Advisory Board

The following brief descriptions will help identify some of the more common architectural styles of Lakewood houses. The dates are the general period in which houses of a specific architectural style were built in Lakewood. Some Lakewood houses are clear examples of one style, while other houses may have design details from more than one style. For many houses, it may be difficult to tell exactly which architectural style it is; there may be only a few clues. Houses that can not be labeled as a specific architectural style are often referred to as “vernacular” architecture. An example of vernacular architecture in Lakewood would be a 2 ½ story house with a gable roof, full-width front porch, and a bay window on the first and/or second floors.

Remember that the combinations of porch details, roof materials and shapes, wall materials, as well as window and door details are almost endless, but together they create the personality everyone knows as Lakewood homes.

It is important to consider the architectural style of the house and make repairs that are consistent with the style. For example, replacement windows that do not match the original in size, trim detail, or glass pane pattern, or replacement porch columns and railing balusters that are too thin or too far apart will always look like a later change that doesn’t match the architectural style. By thinking about the design details, your house will be able to keep its Lakewood personality.

Queen Anne 1880-1910

asymmetrical arrangement of windows and doors
sections of the house that may recede or project, instead of a box shape
steeply pitched roof with irregular shape
one-story porch with spindlework and either turned posts or classical columns
wood siding and shingles cut in decorative shapes
features such as towers, oriel windows, and bay windows
chimney with decorative stonework or brickwork

Queen Anne style Queen Anne style Queen Anne style

Colonial Revival 1900-1940
     (Includes Georgian, Federal, and Dutch Colonial Revivals)

front wall usually a balanced arrangement of windows with a door in the center
front door with sidelights and transoms or fanlights
full-width or partial-width porch, often with classical columns and a pediment
gabled or hipped roof, although Dutch Colonial houses have gambrel roofs (Dutch Colonial
houses in Lakewood are more common in the 1910's and 1920's)
front wall of the second story may slightly overhang the first story wall (This feature is more
common in Colonial Revival houses in Lakewood in the 1920's and 1930's)
windows often have small panes of glass in one or both sashes
features such as palladian windows
shutters fit the size of the window and sometimes have decorative cut-outs

Colonial Revival style Colonial Revival style Colonial Revival style

Neoclassical 1900-1925

front dominated by porch with large two-story classical columns and a cornice
other features similar to Colonial Revival

Neoclassical style Neoclassical style Neoclassical style

Foursquare 1910-1925

two-story houses that are almost square in shape
front has symmetrical arrangement of windows with a door in the center
hipped or pyramidal roof, usually with broad eaves
front porch either partial-width or full-width of house
may have decorative features found in other styles

Foursquare style Foursquare style Foursquare style

Bungalow 1910-1925

low pitched gabled roofs with overhanging eaves
decorative beams or braces sometimes found under eaves
rafter ends are often exposed at bottom edge of the main roof or porch roof, sometimes cut in
decorative shapes
front porch columns often square in shape and sometimes tapered
pergolas on the front or side of the house, creating a variation of a traditional porch

Bungalow style Bungalow style Bungalow style

Tudor 1920-1940

steeply pitched roof with multiple gables
first floor made of brick walls with stone trim, wooden siding, or stucco, with decorative half-
timbering on the upper story
chimneys sometimes large and tall with patterned brickwork or stonework
tall, narrow windows in groups with multiple small panes
windows are either casement or sash type and often grouped together

Tudor style Tudor style Tudor style

Spanish 1920-1940

front usually has asymmetrical arrangement of windows and door
low pitched roof often covered in red tiles
eaves with little or no overhang
walls usually stucco
arches sometimes found above doors or windows, or included as part of porches
windows and walls sometimes decorated with metal grillwork or tiles
windows are either casement or sash type

Spanish style Spanish style Spanish style

Lakewood Doubles 1905-1930

most doubles have one unit on top of the other, instead of side-by-side
gabled roofs, usually without dormers
design of front porches and window arrangements are identical on both floors
walls are usually wooden siding and/or wooden shingles, although brick was also used

Lakewood Double Lakewood Double Lakewood Double

For more information, books on architectural styles are available at the Lakewood Public Library. In addition, articles on architectural styles are often included in magazines such as the Old House Journal, which is also available at the Lakewood Public Library.

The Lakewood Heritage Advisory Board was established to serve in an advisory capacity for the purpose of educating, informing and making recommendations to City officials, departments, boards and commissions, and the community on matters relating to historic preservation

The Lakewood Heritage Advisory Board may be contacted through the City of Lakewood Department of Planning and Development (216/529-6630). Information in this publication may be reprinted. Please credit the Lakewood Heritage Advisory Board, Lakewood, Ohio.

© 2005 Lakewood Heritage Advisory Board

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